The church was established on October of 1977 in Alborada Citadel, a residential neighborhood built in 1975 in the lots of the Hacienda Mapasingue, property of the Pareja Gomez family, formed by Guillermo Pareja Rolando and Cecilia Gomez de Pareja.
The church was constructed by Vivienda de Interes Social (low-cost housing company) within a lot of 10.000 square meters, thanks to the initiative of priest from Cuenca Paulino Toral Velez. Before the construction of the temple, father Toral held outdoor masses, confessed the parishioners in a van and gave catholic services to the neighbors for a period of three months, until he formed a community that gathered in a small chapel located at the first stage of La Alborada.
Monsignor Bernardino Echeverria, then archbishop of Guayaquil, ordered the construction of the temple to commemorate the 2000th of the birth of the Virgin Mary. In 1878, the building was blessed by the then Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who years later exercised as Pope of the Catholic Church between the years of 2005 and 2013 by the name of Benedict XVI.
The church, currently a Sanctuary, gained importance when Pope John Paul II (Karol Wojtyla), offered a special mass on January 31, 1985, for the 2000th anniversary of the birth of the Virgin Mary, as part of the celebration acts carried out during his visit to Ecuador.
For being blessed by two Popes, the Sanctuary has a spiritual importance; the people of Guayaquil sees La Alborada Citadel, as a place blessed by God.
Nuestra Senora de la Alborada Church carries out the procession during Easter, on Holy Friday, which is devoted to the Way of the Cross.
This procession, which is considered the second largest in Guayaquil, following the one of Cristo del Consuelo, is a tradition that goes back to 1991 and tours the northern part of the city, departing from the VII stage of La Alborada Citadel and covering the V, XII, XIII stages and also Sauces 8, Isidro Ayora Avenue and Sauces 1, until reaching the IV stage where the church is located.
The parishioners tour the following streets: First Station (Jesus is condemned to die in the cross) located in the same street as the church; Second Station (Jesus carries the cross) in Rodolfo Baquerizo and Gabriel Roldos streets; Third Station (Jesus falls for the first time) in Francisco de Orellana Avenue and Sauces 8; Fourth Station (Jesus comes across his mother) in the street that divides the VIII stage of La Alborada and Sauces 8; Fifth Station (the man from Cyrene helps Jesus carrying the cross) in Sauces 8 opposite to Albonor Lyceum; Sixth Station (the Veronica washes Jesus’ face) in Isidro Ayora Avenue, VI stage of La Alborada opposite to Sauces 6; Seventh Station (Jesus falls for the second time) in Isidro Ayora Avenue near La Española Supermarket; Eight Station (Jesus meets the women from Jerusalem) in Isidro Ayora Avenue and Demetrio Aguilera Street; Ninth Station (Jesus falls for the third time) in Isidro Ayora Avenue and Jose Maria Egas Street; Tenth Station (Jesus is stripped of his garments) in Isidro Ayora Avenue and Jose Roura Street; Eleventh Station (Jesus is nailed to the cross) near the San Miguel Arcangel church in Sauces 1; Twelfth Station (Jesus dies in the cross) in Jose Roura and Rodolfo Baquerizo Nazur streets; Thirteenth Station (Jesus is removed from the cross and handed to his mother) in Rodolfo Baquerizo Nazur Street opposite to Plaza Mayor shopping center; the last station (Jesus is buried) in the church.