The heritage houses of Las Peñas Neighborhood date from the first decades of the XX century, since the first constructions of the Colonial times were burnt by the several fires that assailed the city.
The houses, after 6 years of their reconstruction, were burnt again by the fire of July 16, 1902, so they had to be rebuilt. The houses were built of wood and quincha (cane) coated in zinc.
Around the year of 1500 the fishermen neighborhood began to form next to the Numa Pompilio Llona Street, in which the boats touched port to bring the wealth of the Gulf and the inland towns of the coast.
The first houses built with a seafaring style kept their pillars of incorruptible woods like mangrove and trumpet. Their wide stairways and the generous height of the floors provided a cool environment amid the warm weather of Guayaquil.
Of those houses, that were occupied by presidents, artists, writers, musicians, landlords, company men and culture personalities, 32 have been declared heritage, among them, the houses of: Antonio Neumane, author of the lyrics of the National Anthem; Baquerizo Moreno, Arroyo, Arosemena, Marin, Hoeb, Gabela, Trivino, Salcedo, Arturo Zea, Elba Nuquez, Yela y El Roble Properties, Cultural Association, Villa Pharos and Hotel del Rio.
The houses are made of wood and were built at the early days of the XX century. They have different styles with a clear European influence, with French-style balconies and windows with naval motifs to appreciate the river, which provide a cool environment inside the houses.