The monument was crarfted by Spanish sculptor Juan Avalos and was inaugurated in 1973. Its history dates back to 1954 when the Catholic Church represented by the bishop of Guayaquil, Monsignor Antonio Mosquera, decided its construction to commemorate the 100 years of the consecration of Ecuador to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and to Mary’s Immaculate Heart, carried out during the administration of president Gabriel Garcia Moreno.
The construction of the sculpture had several mishaps that delayed its completion. From the day its construction was decided, 19 years passed until it was finished; finally, on October 8, 1973, the bishop of the city, Monsignor Bernardino Echeverria, inaugurated the work the same day of the celebration of the 100 years of the consecration of Ecuador to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
To complement the monument, Spanish architect Juan Antonio Orus built an eleven-meter concrete base in 1965 in which the statue is settled an also the stairways that lead to the highest point of the monument.
The work is a symbol of the city, to the point of being considered among the twelve most representative places of the city in a contest promoted by private companies to choose the seven wonders of Guayaquil. It also serves as a viewpoint.
The imposing image of copper and iron stands out with its 27-meter height (the monument has 15,6 meters in height and the base 11,6), also the fourteen stations of the Via Crucis (the Way of the Cross) that must be covered on foot.
Stairsways and Via Crucis (The way of the cross)
Address: ascending street to Carmen Hill, next to Julian Coronel Street and Loja Street.
History: as a complement to the monument to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, 166 stairs were built to access the Christ. Between 2004 and 2005, within the process of urban regeneration, the Municipality of Guayaquil, remodeled the structure redesigning the stairways and the viewpoint. Therefore, the sculpture was rescued from the passing of the years adapting it to turn the monument into a touristic site.
Attractions: the bas-reliefs of the fourteen stations of de Via Crucis (The Way of the Cross) can be appreciated in the stairways. The sculptures are the work of Chilean Jorge Muñoz, designer of the pieces made of resin and fiberglass that were crafted by sculptor Hans San Andres Tabara. They have an iron structure of 1,50 meters high and 2,50 width, supported by two wood poles inserted in two steel bases.