Guayaquil is a city that has expressed its spirituality through culture, religion, art and traditions. Since its establishment and settlement at the foot of the Cerrito Verde in 1540, there were several Religious Orders that built temples and chapels. The name of Santiago de Guayaquil comes from a Spanish tradition that aims to keep alive the memory of Santiago el Mayor, one of the Apostles of Christ. A group of cities in America bear the name Santiago before the name of the city.
Because of the presence of these Religious Orders in the Old City, several buildings were constructed for them. “The Iglesia Mayor (Main Church) is located at the top of the Hill, and the shipyards opposite to them”, tells Dionisio de Alsedo (sic) y Herrera in his memoires, which gave rise to the maritime and trade activities, as well as the spirituality, which is expressed through different religious denominations.
The old churches made of wood and decorated with frescoes disappeared during the 20 fires that assailed the city. The processions and religious festivities were a traditional form for spending more sacred time, being those related to Christmas and Easter, the most important in the city.
The temples were built thanks to the generous contribution of the people of Guayaquil, who understood that both individual and collective life should be like a temple, where the beautiful mystery of a conscious existence is developed. Reason why, the architecture of the temples built during the republican era, collect a tradition full of symbols.
The churches and temples of different religious denominations have shaped a route of faith, in other words, the confidence in an spiritual path that lights up the live of the peoples.