The existing park was built in the XIX century, in 1868, which had a huge eight point star, reason why the park was called Plaza de la Estrella (Star Square). In 1889, the equestrian monument to Simon Bolivar was built and the place was renamed as Plaza Bolivar (Bolivar Square). By then, philanthropist Manuel Seminario made an important donation to renovate the park that took the last name of the illustrious citizen.
Also known as Parque de las Iguanas (Iguana Park) for the large population of iguanas in the place, it has a natural charm because of the tress and artificial lagoon in which swim different colored fish.
The main Monument is the one to Simon Bolivar who appears mounted on a horse. At the southeast corner there is a sculpture of two wild boars fighting, crafted by French sculptor Chaudejaug; also the famous octagonal “Roundabout” made of forged iron and casted in the workshops of Van Dosme of France in 1882, which has a Mozarab style and is adorned with allegoric latticework; the upper part is crowned by an iron ornamentation that finishes the central dome of red color.
THE IGUANAS, A NATURAL ATTRACTION
The iguana is classic specie from Guayaquil and is visible in different areas of the city. According to biologists, they settled in the early days of the city, during the colonial times, because water, mangroves and willow trees surround the city, whose fruits are their favorite food. The parks are filled with their presence due to their proximity to the river and because people did not pursue them, since it is not edible specie in our diet.
Seminario Park is also known as the Iguana Park, since dozens of iguanas live in its ornate gardens. According to the tourists they give a prehistoric and natural ambiance to the Park. The reptiles that measure up to 1 meter in length are the main attraction of the Park and mingle amiably among the people.
The friendly state of the green iguana known as the "Iguana from Guayaquil, happens when the reptile comes down from the tree to feel the heat and settle itself in a cleared site, staying static for an hour, since all reptiles have cold blood they need the sun to restore the energy spent looking for food. During that time they remain immobile, taking an upright pose, with the head raised, fully showing the crease under their throat.