The Museum was inaugurated on November 15, 2013 and bears the name of Maria Eugenia Puig Lince, intellectual, poet and diplomat from Guayaquil born on 1919 and died in 2001.
Within this cultural space of 80 square meters, 500 years of Ecuadoran history has been recreated through four moments of our life as a society expressed in 14 suspended mobile murals of the authorship of Carmen Cadena, who took the ancestral technique of clay sculptural modeling to narrate the history of the Ecuador of today in a sequential way.
These moments made of clay are: the ritual dances that show our origins; the Spanish conquest; the national emancipation and our life as a city after obtaining our freedom.
The Pre-Columbian, Colonial and Republican eras are recreated through historical moments that marked the life of the country, like the Royal Audiencia of Quito, the First Cry of Independence, the slaughter of August 2, the Independence of Guayaquil, the Battle of Pichincha, and others.
The clay objects are the main source of information for the investigation of the aborigine tribes that inhabited the country, since there is no knowledge of a written language.
Regarding the architecture, the Museum has glass walls so the murals can be seen from the Barcelona Avenue. The hallways have white lights while each mural, which size goes between 1,20 x 1 square meters and 4,7 x 8 square meters, has a set of three LED yellow lights.
There are fourteen groups of sculptures, whose topics are:
1) Shamanic dance: A ritual dance of warrior invocation that shows our origins.
2) The Spanish Conquest: Represented in a conqueror mounted on his horse with the indigenous resisting the invader.
3) The Colony: Time in which the Spaniards conquered the aborigines.
4) The Illustration: Highlights the intellectuals of the time like geographer Pedro Vicente Maldonado, French scholar La Condamine, chief of the French Geodesic Mission of the beginnings of the XVIII century; father Juan de Velasco, author of the “History of the Kingdom of Quito”; doctor Eugenio Espejo, symbol of the intermingling of races; Prussian scholar Alejandro Von Humboldt, who studied the nature of our land and an activist about liberty ideas; naturalist Pedro Davila and father Juan Bautista Aguirre.
5) Shipyards of Guayaquil: Considered as the economic engine during the time of the Royal Audiencia of Quito, where more than 100 vessels were built between the XVII and XVIII centuries.
6) Evocation of August 10, 1809: Recounts the revolt occurred for the Napoleonic invasion to Spain.
7) The slaughter of August 2, 1810: Occurred during the time of the Colony where several patriots rose up and were murdered by the Spanish forces.
8) October 9, 1820: Date in which Guayaquil obtained its independence and started a freedom campaign in the country. Is depicted in a reunion held between some men from Guayaquil as Jose de Antepara, Gregorio Escobedo, Jose Joaquin de Olmedo, Jose de Villamil and the Venezuelan captains Leon Febres Cordero, Luis urdaneta and Miguel Letamendi.
9) Battle of Pichincha of May 24, 1822: A deed carried out by troops from Guayaquil that together with the troops sent by Bolivar and San Martin, freed the city of Quito.
10) The Redemption from Slavery: A progressive and liberal measure taken by the then president General Jose Maria Urbina, in 1853, which abolished slavery in the country.
11) The Alfaro Revolution of June 5, 1895: Shows Eloy Alfaro and his montoneros on the rails of a train.
12) Syncretism dance: A cultural and religious anthropology that tries to reconcile different doctrines.
13) The Migration of the XXI Century: A painful episode in the life of the country, in which millions of people had to migrate to foreign countries due to the economic crisis.
14) Guayaquil and the urban regeneration: Recounts the reconstruction process of the city that gave back beauty to the city and self-esteem to its inhabitants.