With more than 400 years old, Las Peñas was the first neighborhood of Guayaquil, which took its name from the cliffs and limestone rocks that formed the Hill back then when the Spanish settled in the XV century. In 1982 the neighborhood was declared Cultural Heritage of Ecuador and between 2002 and 2008, the place was restored and regenerated by the Municipality of Guayaquil.
This neighborhood, born in Colonial times, was destroyed in several occasions by the fires that assailed the city. The fact that the neighborhood was rebuilt in times of the Republic alienated its colonial style.
Distinguish personalities from the spheres of politics, business and culture lived in the neighborhood, among them, eleven Presidents of the country like Carlos Arroyo del Rio, Francisco Robles, Jose Luis Tamayo, Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola, Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno and Eloy Alfaro; writers like Enrique Gil Gilbert; historians like Rafael Pino Roca; artists like Manuel Rendon Seminario and Alfredo Espinoza Tamayo; the educator Rita Lecumberry and the musician Antonio Neumane, author of the lyrics of the National Anthem. It is also said that the revolutionary Che Guevara lived there for a while, giving free pediatric assistance to the inhabitants of the place; that the neighborhood was visited by American writer Ernest Hemingway and Chilean poet Neftali Reyes, better knows as Pablo Neruda.
It has a unique architectonic style and is a spectacular place for being located at the hill and in front of the river, also for its colorful and romantic appearance of narrow and cobbled streets with a bohemian ambiance.